depression

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
I
n. recession, slowdown.
II
Pressing downward
Nouns
1. depression, lowering; dip (see concavity); abasement, debasement; reduction.
2. overthrow, overset, overturn; upset; prostration, subversion, precipitation.
3. (lowering) bow; curtsy; genuflection, kowtow, obeisance. See respect.
Verbs
1. depress, lower; let or take down, take down a peg; cast; let drop or fall; sink, debase, bring low, abase, reduce, pitch, precipitate; dent (see concavity).
2. (press down) overthrow, overturn, overset; upset, subvert, prostrate, level, fell; cast, take, throw, fling, dash, pull, cut, or knock down, lay out; raze [to the ground]; trample in the dust; pull about one's ears.
3. (lower oneself) sit [down]; couch, crouch, squat, stoop, bend, bow; courtesy, curtsey; bob, duck, dip, kneel; bend, bow the head, bend the knee; slouch; bow down; cower.
Adjectives — depressed; at a low ebb; prostrate, overthrown; downcast.
Antonyms, see elevation.
II
(Roget's IV) n.
1. [Something lower than its surroundings]
Syn. cavity, dip, sink; see dent , hole 2 .
2. [Low spirits]
Syn. despair, despondency, sadness, sorrow, unhappiness, gloom, dejection, melancholy, misery, wretchedness, trouble, mortification, worry, discouragement, dispiritedness, hopelessness, pessimism, distress, desperation, desolation, dreariness, heaviness of spirit, dullness, disconsolation, downheartedness, woefulness, lugubriousness, moroseness, cheerlessness, disconsolateness, melancholia, dolor, dolefulness, darkness, bleakness, oppression, low-spiritedness, lowness, gloominess, glumness, disheartenment, hypochondria, vapors, malaise, clinical depression, dysthymia, slough of despond, Weltschmerz (German), doldrums, dumps*, mulligrubs*, blues*, blue devils*, horrors*, blue funk*, blahs*; see also gloom 2 , grief 1 , sadness .
Ant. joy*, elation, satisfaction.
3. [Period of commercial stress]
Syn. economic decline, recession, slump, economic downturn, unemployment, slack times, hard times, bad times, inflation, crisis, overproduction, retrenchment, slowdown, economic dislocation, economic paralysis, economic stagnation, financial storm, business inactivity, panic, crash*, bust*, Black Friday*, stagflation*; see also bankruptcy .
Ant. prosperity*, good times, boom.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) n.
1. downheartedness melancholia, blues, dejection, unhappiness, sadness, doldrums, *blahs, *blue funk, sorrow, heavyheartedness, despair, gloom, affective disorder, mood disorder, depressive neurosis, depressive psychosis, manic-depression, malaise, hopelessness, postpartum depression, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), withdrawal.
2. economic decline recession, slowdown, downturn.
3. hollow dent, impression, indentation, recess, concavity.
ANT.: 1. euphoria, happiness, joy, bliss. 3. boom, good times
WORD FIND
childbirth, following: postpartum depression
medication: antidepressants
radical treatment: electroshock therapy
winter blues treated with light therapy: seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) noun 1. An area sunk below its surroundings: basin, concavity, dip, hollow, pit1, sag, sink, sinkhole. See CONVEX. 2. A feeling or spell of dismally low spirits: blues, dejection, despondence, despondency, doldrums, dolefulness, downheartedness, dumps, dysphoria, funk, gloom, glumness, heavy-heartedness, melancholy, mope (used in plural), mournfulness, sadness, unhappiness. See FEELINGS, HAPPY. 3. A period of decreased business activity and high unemployment: recession, slump. See RICH.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Depression — Depression …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

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  • Depression — De*pres sion, n. [L. depressio: cf. F. d[ e]pression.] 1. The act of depressing. [1913 Webster] 2. The state of being depressed; a sinking. [1913 Webster] 3. A falling in of the surface; a sinking below its true place; a cavity or hollow; as,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Depression — Sf Niedergeschlagenheit; wirtschaftlicher Rückgang erw. fach. (16. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. dépression, eigentlich Niederdrückung, Senkung , dieses aus l. dēpressio ( ōnis), einer Ableitung von l. dēprimere (dēpressum) niederdrücken,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • depression — late 14c. as a term in astronomy, from O.Fr. depression (14c.) or directly from L. depressionem (nom. depressio), noun of action from pp. stem of deprimere to press down, depress (see DEPRESS (Cf. depress)). Attested from 1650s in the literal… …   Etymology dictionary

  • depression — [dē presh′ən, dipresh′ən] n. [ME depressioun < OFr depression < L depressio: see DEPRESS] 1. a depressing or being depressed 2. a depressed part or place; hollow or low place on a surface 3. low spirits; gloominess; dejection; sadness 4. a… …   English World dictionary

  • depression — [n1] low spirits; despair abasement, abjection, abjectness, blahs*, bleakness, blue funk*, bummer, cheerlessness, dejection, desolation, desperation, despondency, disconsolation, discouragement, dispiritedness, distress, dole, dolefulness, dolor …   New thesaurus

  • depression — I noun debasement, decline, deflation, dejection, depreciation, despondence, despondency, disheartenment, dispiritedness, dolefulness, economic decline, gloom, lowering, lowness, maeror, sinking, slump, tristitia associated concepts: economic… …   Law dictionary

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